email 8 komprim02

TM + Medizin

TM + Gesundheit

TM +Pädagogik

TM + Psychologie

TM + Soziologie

TM im Vergleich

Effektivität+Effizienz (1)

Effizienz (2): Meditationstiefe

Kritik und Risiken 1

Kritik und Risiken 2



Transzendentale Meditation: Literatur,

Bücher, Links

[1]Alexander, C. N., Cranson, R. W., Boyer,  R. W., Orme-Johnson, D. (1987) Transcendental Consciousness: A fourth state of consciousness beyond sleep, dreaming, and waking. In: J. Gackenbach (Eds.): Sleep and Dreams: A sourcebook, 282-315

[2]Alexander, C. N., Larimore, W. A., Dash, P., Titus, B., Israelson, L. (1987) Distinguishing between Transcendental Meditation, sleep and other forms of rest according to electrophysiological criteria.  Paper presented at the Midwestern Psychological Association Meeting, May 1987, Chicago, Illinois. In: Wallace, R. K., Orme-Johnson, D. W., Dillbeck, M. C. (Eds.): Scientific Research on Maharishi’s  Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi Program, Coll. pap. Vol. V, Fairfield, Iowa, USA: Maharishi International University Press

Alexander, C. N., Boyer, W. (1989) Seven states of  consciousness: Unfolding the full potential of the Cosmic Psyche in individual life through Maharishi’s Vedic Psychology. Modern Science and Vedic Science, 2(4), 325 - 371

[1]Alexander,  C. N. (1990) Cognitive Stage Development in Children Practicing the Transcendental Meditation Program: Acquisition and Consolidation of Conservation. In: Chalmers, R., Clements, G., Schenkluhn, H., Weinless,  M. (Eds.): Scientific Research on Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi Programme: Coll. pap. Vol. IV, Maharishi European Research University Publication No. N3122, Vlodrop, Niederlande:  MVU Press

[2]Alexander, C. N., Davies, J. L., Dixon, C. A., Dillbeck, M. C., Oetzel, R. M., Druker, S. M., Muehlman, J. M., & Orme-Johnson, D. W.(1990) Growth of higher states of  consciousness: Maharishis Vedic Psychology of Human Development. In: Alexander, C. N. and Langer, E. J. (Eds.): Higher stages of human development: Perspectives on adult growth (286–340). New York: Oxford University Press

[3]Alexander, C. N., Drucker, S., & Langer, E. (1990). Major issues in the exploration of adult growth. In C. N. Alexander & E. Langer (Eds.), Higher staged of human development New York: Oxford University Press.

[4]Alexander, C. N., & Langer, E. J. (Eds.). (1990).  Higher stages of human development: Perspectives  on adult growth. New York:   Oxford University Press.

[1]Alexander, C. N., & Gackenbach, J. (1991). Transcendental Meditation and improved performance on  intelligence-related measures: A longitudinal study. Personality and Individual Differences, 12, 1105–1116.

[2]Alexander, C. N., Rainforth, M. V., Gelderloos, P. (1991)  Transcendental Meditation, Self Actualization, and Psychological Health: A Conceptual Overview and Statistical Meta-Analysis. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 6(5), 189-247

 [1]Alexander, C.N., Robinson P., Orme-Johnson D.W., Schneider, R.H., & Walton K.G. (1993). The effects of Transcendental Meditation compared to other methods of relaxation and meditation in reducing risk  factors, morbidity, and mortality. Homeostasis., 35(4-5): 243-264.

[2]Alexander, C. N., Swanson, G. C., Rainforth, M. V., Carlisle, T. W., Todd, C. C., & Oates, R. M. (1993). Effects of  the Transcendental Meditation program on stress reduction, health, and employee development: A prospective study in two occupational settings. Anxiety, Stress and Coping: An International Journal, 6, 245-262.

[1]Alexander, C. N. (1994). Transcendental Meditation. In R. J. Corsini (Ed.), Encyclopedia of psychology (pp. 5465-5466). New York: Wiley Interscience.

 [2]Alexander, C. N., Heaton, D., & Chandler, H. (1994). The Vedic Psychology of higher stages of development. In M. Miller & S. Cook-Greuter (Eds.), Transcendence and Mature Thought in Adulthood: The Further Reaches of Adult Development (pp. 39-70). Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers.

[3]Alexander, C. N., Heaton, D. P.,  & Chandler, H. M. (1994). Advanced human development in the Vedic Psychology of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi: Theory and research. In M. E. Miller & S. R. Cook-Greuter (Eds.), Transcendence and Mature Thought in Adulthood, (pp. 39-70). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

[4]Alexander, C. N., Robinson, P., Orme-Johnson, D. W., Schneider, R. H., & Walton, K.  G. (1994). The effects of Transcendental Meditation compared to other methods of relaxation in reducing risk factors, morbidity, and mortality. Homeostasis, 35(4/5).

[5]Alexander,  C. N., Robinson, P., & Rainforth, M. (1994). Treating and preventing alcohol, nicotine, and drug abuse through Transcendental Meditation: A review and statistical meta-analysis. Alcoholism Treatment  Quarterly, 11, 13-87.

[1]Alexander, C. N., Barnes, V. A., Schneider, R. H., Langer, E. J., Newman, R. I., & Chandler, H. M. (1996). A randomized controlled trial of stress  reduction on cardiovascular and all cause mortality: A 15 year follow-up on the effects of Transcendental Meditation, mindfulness and relaxation. Circulation, 93(3), 19.

 [2]Alexander, C. N., Schneider, R. H., Staggers, F., Sheppard, W., Clayborne, B. M., Rainforth, M., Salerno, J., Kondwani, K., Smith, S., Walton, K. G., & Egan, B. (1996). Trial of stress reduction for  hypertension in older African Americans II. Sex and risk subgroup analysis. Hypertension, 28(2), 228-237.

[1]Alexander, C. N., Walton, K. G., Goodman, R. (2003). Walpole study  of the Transcendental Meditation program in maximum security prisoners I: Cross-sectional differences. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 36(1/2/3/4)97-126.

 [2]Alexander, C. N., Frank, P., Walton, K. G., & Grant, J. (2003). Walpole study of the Transcendental Meditation program in maximum security prisoners III: Reduced recidivism. Journal of Offender  Rehabilitation, 36(1/2/3/4)161-180.

[3]Alexander, C. N., Walton, K. G., Orme-Johnson, D. W., & Goodman, R. (2003). Impact of Transcendental Meditation in Offender  Rehabilitation and Crime Prevention. Binghamton, New York: Haworth Press. 

[4]Alexander, V., Orme-Johnson, D. W., Schmidt-Wilk, J., & Schneider, R. (2003). Maharishi's Vedic  psychology and its applications: A special issue honoring Charles N. "Skip" Alexander. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.

Andresen, B. (2002) HPI Hamburger Persönlichkeitsinventar. Göttingen: Hogrefe

Anonymus (1975) Der Weg des Schweigens. Christliches Zen. Ein „Brief“ zur Anleitung. Hrsg. W. Johnston, deutsche Ausgabe  hrsg. von W. Massa, Kevelaer: Butzon & Bercker

Anonymus (1974) Kontemplative Meditation. Die Wolke des Nichtwissens. Mainz: Matthias-Grünewald-Vlg.

 Appelle S., Oswald L. E. (1974) Simple reaction time as a function of alertness and prior mental activity. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 38, 1263 – 1268

 Aubin, H.: The psychotherapy of Janov and pedopsychiatry. Revue de Neuropsychiatrie Infantile et d'Hygiene Mentale de l'Enfance, 25(2), 129-138

Augenstein, S. (2003)  Yoga und  Konzentration. Theoretische Überlegungen und empirische Untersuchungsergebnisse. Immenhausen bei Kassel: Prolog

 Avila, D., Nummela, R. (1977) Transcendental Meditation: A psychological interpretation. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 33(3), 842-844

Badawi K., Wallace, R.K., Orme–Johnson, D. (1984)  Elektrophysiologic charakteristics of respiratory suspension periods occuring during the practice of the Transcendental Meditation Program. Psychosomatic Medicine, 46 (3), 267-276

Banquet J. P., Lesevre, N. (1980) Event-related potentials in altered states of consciousness. Motivation, Motor and Sensory Processes of the Brain, Progress in Brain Research, 54, 447–453

Banquet J.-P (1973) Spectral Analysis of the EEG in Meditation.  Electroencephal. Clin. Neurophysiol. 35, 143 – 151

Barnes, V. A., Johnson, M. H., & Treiber,  F. A. (2003). Impact of stress reduction on ambulatory blood pressure in African American adolescents. Ethnicity and Disease, 13(S2-173).

Barnes, V., Schneider, R. H., Alexander, C. N.,  & Staggers, F. (1997). Stress, stress reduction, and hypertension in African Americans. Journal of the National Medical Association, 89(7), 464-476.

Barnes, V. A., Treiber,  F. A., Turner, J. R., Davis, H., & Strong, W. B. (1999). Acute Effects of Transcendental Meditation on Hemodynamic Functioning in Middle-Aged Adults. Psychosomatic Medicine, 61, 525-531

Barnes, V., Schneider, R., Alexander, C., Staggers, F., & Clayborne, B. (1996a). Randomized trial of stress reduction in older African American hypertensives: 5 year follow-up in all cause  and CVD mortality. Paper presented at the Eleventh Interdisciplinary Conference, International Society on Hypertension in Blacks, New Orleans

Barnes, V. A., Schneider, R. H., Alexander, C.  N., Rainforth, M., Staggers, F., & Salerno, J. (2003). Impact of Transcendental Meditation on Mortality in Older African Americans—Eight Year Follow-up. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.

Barnes, V. A., Schneider, R. H., Alexander, C. N., Sheppard, W., & Staggers, F. (1996b). Effects of stress reduction on mortality in older African American hypertensives:  5 year  follow-up. Submitted for publication. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the Eleventh International Interdisciplinary Conference on Hypertension in Blacks, New Orleans, LA.

Barnes, V. A., Schneider, R. H., Alexander, C. N., Staggers, F., & Clayborne, M. (July, 1996). Randomized trial of stress reduction in older African American hypertensives:  5 year follow-up on  all-cause and CVD mortality. Paper presented at the Presented at the Eleventh Interdisciplinary Conference, International Society on Hypertension in Blacks, New Orleans

Barnes, V. A.,  Treiber, F. A., & Davis, H. (2001). Impact of Transcendental Meditation on cardiovascular function at rest and during acute stress in adolescents with high normal blood pressure. Journal of  Psychosomatic Research, 51, 597-605

Barnes, V. A.(2005)  EEG, hypometabolism, and ketosis during Transcendental Meditation indicate it does not increase epilepsy risk. Med Hypotheses 65: 2023

Barte, H. N., Bastien, B. (1980) Regard froid sur la meditation transcendentale. Annales Medico-Psychologiques, 138(7), 839-848

Belschner, W. (2002) Die vergessene Dimension in Grawes Allgemeiner Psychotherapie. In: Transpersonale Studien, Hrsgb. W. Belschner, P. Gottwald, Oldenburg: Bibliotheks- und Informationssystem der  Universität BIS – Verlag  

Bennet, J. E., Trinder, J. (1977) Hemispheric laterality and cognitive style associated with transcendental meditation. Psychophysiology, 14, 293-296

Benson H. (1975) The Relaxation Response. New York: William Morrow and Co.

Benson, H., Wallace, R. K. (1972) Decreased blood pressure in  hypertensive subjects who practiced meditation. Circulation, 45, 46, Supplement: 516

Bevan, A. J. W., Young, P. M., Wellby, M. L., Nenadovic, P., Dickins, J. A. (1976) Endocrine changes  in relaxation procedures. Proceedings of the Endocrine Society of Australia, 19, 59

Blackwell, B., Hanenson, I., Bloomfield, S. S., Magenheim, H. G., Nidich, S.  I., Gartside, P. (1975) Effects of Transcendental Meditation on blood pressure: A controlled pilot experiment. Psychosomatic Medicine, 37(1), 86

Blasdell, K. S. (1989) Acute  immunoreactivity modified by psychosocial factors: Type A / B behavior, Transcendental Meditation and lymphocyte transformation. Dissertation Abstracts International 50(10), April 1990

 Bleick, C. R., Abrams, A. I. (1987) The Transcendental Meditation Program and criminal recidivism in California.  Journal of Criminal Justice, 15(3), 211-230

 Block, B. (1977) Transcendental Meditation as a reciprocal inhibitor in psychotherapy.  Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 9(1), 78-82

 Buchheld, N. (2000) Achtsamkeit in Vipassana-Meditation und Psychotherapie. Schriften zur Meditation und Meditationsforschung Bd. 2, Frankfurt: Peter Lang

 Bujatti, M., Riederer, P. (1976) Serotonin, Dopamine metabolites in Transcendental Meditation. Journal of Neural Transmission, 39, 257-267

 Castillo, R. J. (1990) Depersonalization and meditation. Psychiatry, 53(2), 158-168

Castillo-Richmond, A., Schneider, R. H., Alexander, C. N., Cook, R., Myers, H.,  Nidich, S., Haney, C., Rainforth, M., Salerno, J. (2000) Effects of stress reduction on carotid atherosclerosis in hypertensive African Americans. Stroke, 31(3), 568-573   

Cauthen, N. R., Prymak, C. A. (1977) Meditation versus relaxation: An examination of the physiological effects of relaxation training and of different levels of experience with transcendental meditation. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 45(3), 496-497

Chalmers R. (2005) Transcendental Meditation does not predispose to epilepsy. Med Hypotheses 65: 6245

Chandler, H. M., Alexander, C. N., Heaton, D. P., & Grant, J. (2003). A 10–year longitudinal study of self development  through the Transcendental Meditation Program. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.

Cooper, M. J. (1979) A relaxation technique in the management of hypercholesterinaemia. Journal of Human Stress. 5(4) Framingham, Mass.

Davies, J. L., & Alexander, C. N. (2003). Alleviating political violence through reducing collective tension: Impact Assesment analysis  of the Lebanon war. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.

Dayton, T., Boles, D. B. (1990) No difference in cerebral hemispheric asymmetry of meditators as opposed to  nonmeditators.  Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 28(3), 211-214

De Bont, H. G. (1980) Transcendental Meditation: A critical view. Tijdschrift voor Psychotherapie, 6(1), 1-11

De Weid, D., (1978) in: De Weid, D., van Keep, P. A. (Eds.) Hormones and the Brain. Baltimore, University Park, 103

Dillbeck, M. C., Landrith III, G., Orme-Johnson, D. (1981)  The Transcendental Meditation Program and crime rate change in a sample of forty-eight cities. Journal of Crime and Justice, 4, 25-45

Dillbeck, M., Orme-Johnson, D., Wallace, R. K. (1981)  Frontal EEG coherence, H-reflex recovery, concept learning, and the TM-Sidhi program.  International Journal of Neuroscience, 15, 151-157

[1]Dillbeck, M. C., Abrams A. I. (1987) The  application of the Transcendental Meditation Program to Corrections. International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, 11, 111–132

[2]Dillbeck, M., Cavanaugh, K. L.,  Glenn, T., Orme-Johnson, D., Mittlefehldt, V., (1987) Consciousness as a Field: The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi Program and changes in social indicators. The Journal of Mind and Behavior , 8, 67–104

[3]Dillbeck, M. C., Orme-Johnson, D. W. (1987) Physiological Differences between Transcendental Meditation and Rest. American Psychologist, 42, 879-881

Dillbeck,  M. C., Banus, C. B., Polanzi, C., Landrith III, G. S. (1988) Test of a field model of consciousness and social change: The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and decreased urban crime.  Journal of Mind & Behavior, 9(4), 457-485

Dillbeck, M. C. (1990). Test of a field theory of consciousness and social change: Time series analysis of participation in the TM-Sidhi program  and reduction of violent death in the U.S. Social Indicators Research, 22, 399–418.

Dixon, C. A. (1989) Consciousness and cognitive development : A six-month longitudinal  study of four-years-olds practicing the children’s Transcendental Meditation technique. Doctoral Dissertation, Department of Psychology, Maharishi International University, Fairfield, Iowa, USA

Domash, L. H. (1977) Introduction: Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and the Transcendental Meditation Program: A new direction for scientific research. In: Orme-Johnson, D. W., Farrow, J. T. (Eds.): Scientific Research on the Transcendental Meditation Program, Coll. pap. Vol. I, Maharishi European Research University Press Publication Number G 1181, Maharishi International University, Germany: MERU  Press

Domino, G., (1977) Transcendental Meditation and creativity: An empirical investigation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 62(3), 358-362

Doner, D. W., (1976) The  Transcendental Meditation technique - a "self-care" program for the dialysis/transplant patient.  Journal of the American Association of Nephrology Nurses and Technicians, 3(3), 119-125

Ehrensing, R. H., Miichell, G. F., Baker, R. P. (1978) Vasopressin’s effects on acquisition and extinction of conditioned avoidance response to smoking. Peptides. 3 527-535

Engel, K. (1999) Meditation: Geschichte, Systematik, Forschung, Theorie. Frankfurt: Peter Lang

Engel, K. (2000) Meditative Wege - eine empirische Untersuchung. Transpersonale Psychologie und Psychotherapie 1, 84-103

Engel, K. (2001), Meditative Experience and Different Paths: Data Based Analyses. Journal for Meditation and Meditation Research. 1(1), 35 - 53

Enomiya-Lassalle, Hugo (1972) Meditation als Weg zur Gotteserfahrung. Topos-Taschenbücher, Bd. 94. Mainz: Matthias-Grünewald-Verlag

Eppley,  K. R., Abrams, A. I., Shear, J. (1989) Differential Effects of Relaxation Techniques on Trait Anxiety : A Meta Analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 45(6), 957 – 974

 Eyerman, J. (1981) Transcendental Meditation and Mental Retardation. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 42(1), 35–36

Farrow, J. T., Russel, H., (1982) Breath suspension during the transcendental meditation technique. Psychosomatic Medicine, 44(2), 133-153

Fehr, T., U. Nerstheimer, S. Törber, (1972) Untersuchung von 49 Praktizierenden der Transzendentalen Meditation mit dem Freiburger  Persönlichkeitsinventar. Universität Köln. In Orme-Johnson, D. W., Farrow, J. T. (Eds.): Scientific Research on the Transcendental Meditation Program, Coll. pap. Vol. I, Maharishi European Research  University Press Publication Number G 1181, Maharishi International University, Germany: MERU Press (1977)

Fehr, T. (1975) Die Wirkungen der TM auf die Veränderung von Persönlichkeitsmerkmalen. Schöpferische Intelligenz, 4/20, 4 – 15; „A longitudinal study of the effect of the Transcendental Meditation Program on changes in personality. In: Orme-Johnson, D. W., Farrow, J. T. (Eds.): Scientific Research on the Transcendental Meditation Program, Coll. pap. Vol. I, Maharishi European Research University Press Publication Number G 1181, Maharishi International University, Germany: MERU  Press (1977)

Fehr, T. (1996) Therapeutisch relevante Effekte durch Transzendentale Meditation ? Psychother. Psychosom. med. Psychol. 46, 178 - 188

Fehr, T. (1998) Bioenergetische Prozess-Analyse, Frankfurt: Swets Test Services

[1]Fehr, T. (2002) Die modifizierende Wirkung sozialer Erwünschtheit in der  psychologischen Selbstbeschreibung Praktizierender spiritueller Techniken am Beispiel der Transzendentalen Meditation. Report Psychologie, 27(1), 22-31

[2]Fehr, T. (2002) The role of  simplicity (effortlessness) as a prerequisite for the experience of Pure Consciousness – the non-dual state of Oneness: “Turiya”, “Samadhi” in meditation. Journal for Meditation and Meditation Research 1, 49–77

[3]Fehr, T. (2002) Hormone – Zu Risiken und Nebenwirkungen fragen Sie ihren Psychotherapeuten. Bericht über Nebenwirkungen der Hormonersatztherapie an die Arzneimittelkommission der Deutschen Ärzteschaft. Wesel, IPPM, unveröffentlicht

Fehr, T. (2003) Yoga  Meditation Samadhi Therapie aus Sicht des Advaita-Vedanta. Die Philosophie des Nondualismus und psychosoziale Wirkungen ihrer Anwendung. Schriften zur Meditation und Meditationsforschung, ed. K. Engel, R.  Wahsner, H. Walach, Bd. 5, Frankfurt: Europäischer Verlag der Wissenschaften Peter Lang

Fehr, T. (2006) Transcendental Meditation may prevent partial Epilepsy. Medical Hypotheses, doi: 10.1016/j.mehy.2006.06.008

Fehr, T. (2010) Effects of Meditation and Psychotherapy on psychosomatic symptoms,  depression, and subjective stress - antagonistic or complementary  approaches? Archives for Meditation and Meditation Research,

Fenwick, P. B., Donaldons, S., Gillis, L., Bushman, J., G. W., Perry, J., Tilsley, H., Serafinowicz,  H.  (1977) Metabolic and EEG changes during transcendental meditation: An explanation. Biological Psychology, 5(2), 101-118

Ferguson P. C. (1981) An integrative Meta-Analysis of  Psychological Studies investigating  the Treatment Outcomes of Meditation Techniques. Dissertation,  School of Education, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA

 [1]Gallois, P., Forzy, G., Dhont, J. L., (1984) Changements hormonaux durant la relaxation. Encephale, 10(2), 79-82

[2]Gallois, P. (1984) Modifications neurophysiologiques et  respiratoires lors de la pratique des techniques de la relaxation. Encephale, 10(3), 139-144

Gelderloos, P., Lockie, J. L., Chuttoorgoon, S. (1987) Field independence of students at  Maharishi School of the age of enlightenment and an Montessori School. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 65, 613 – 614

Gelderloos, P., Hermans, H. J. M., Ahlström, H. H., & Jacoby, R.  (1990). Transcendence and psychological health: studies with long-term participants of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program. Journal of Psychology, 124(2), 177–197.

 Gelderloos, P., Walton, K. G., Orme-Johnson, D. W., & Alexander, C. (1991). Effectiveness of the Transcendental Meditation program in preventing and treating substance misuse: A review. International  Journal of the Addictions, 26, 293–325.

Geldner, K. F. (1951) Der Rig - Veda. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, London: Geoffrey Cumberledge Oxford University Press,  Leipzig: Otto Harrassowitz

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 Glueck, B. C., Stroebel, C. F. (1975) Biofeedback and meditation in the treatment of psychiatric illnesses. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 16(4), 303-321

Goodman, R. S., Walton, K. G.,  Orme-Johnson, D. W., & Boyer, R. (2003). The Transcendental Meditation program—A consciousness-based developmental technology for rehabilitation and crime prevention. Journal of Offender Rehabilitatio, 36(1/2/3/4), 1-34.

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Hagelin,  J. S., Rainforth, M. V., Orme-Johnson, D. W., Cavanaugh, K. L., Alexander, C. N., Shatkin, S. F., Davies, J. L., Hughes, A. O., & Ross, E. (1999). Effects of group practice of the Transcendental  Meditation program on preventing violent crime in Washington, DC: Results of the National Demonstration Project, June–July 1993. Social Indicators Research, 47(2), 153-201.

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Hawkins, M. A., Orme-Johnson, D. W., & Durchholz, C. F. (2003). Fulfilling the rehabilitative ideal through the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi Programs: Primary,  secondary, and tertiary prevention. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.

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Herron, R. E. (2003). Can the  Transcendental Meditation program reduce medical expenditures of older people? A longitudinal medical cost minimization study in Canada. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.

 Herron, R. E., Hillis, S. L., Mandarino, J. V., Orme-Johnson, D. W., & Walton, K. G. (1996a). The impact of the Transcendental Meditation program on government payments to physicians in Quebec. American Journal of Health Promotion, 10(3), 183-191.

Herron, R. E., Schneider, R. H., Mandarino, J. V., Alexander, C. N., & Walton, K. G. (1996b). Cost-effective hypertension  management: Comparison of drug therapies with and alternative program. American Journal of Managed Care, 2(4), 427-437.

 Hohn, T. (2000) Meister Eckharts Lehre von der Gottessohnschaft. Schriften zur Meditation und Meditationsforschung, Bd. 1, Frankfurt: Peter Lang

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Holmes, D. S. (1984) Meditation and Somatic Arousal Reduction. Am. Psycholologist. 39(1), 1-10

Holmes, D. S. (1983) Effects of Transcendental  Meditation Versus Resting on Physiological and Subjective Arousal. J. Personality and Social Psychology, 44(6), 1245 – 1252

Holt, W. R., Caruso, J. L., Riley, J. B. (1978) Transcendental  Meditation vs pseudo-meditation on visual choice reaction time. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 46, 726

[1]Honsberger, R.; Wilson, A. F. (1973) The effect of transcendental meditation upon bronchial asthma. Clinical Research, 21: 278

[2]Honsberger, R. W., Wilson, A. F. (1973) Transcendental Meditation in treating asthma.  Respiration Therapy: The Journal of  Inhalation Technology, 3, 79-80

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Jangid, R. K., Vays, J. N., Shukla, T. R. (1988) Effect of Transcendental Meditation in cases of anxiety neuroses. Indian Journal of Clinical Psychology, 15(2), 77-79

Jevning, R., Wilson, A. F. (1977) Behavioral increase of cerebral blood flow. The Physiologist, 2, 60

Jevning, R.,  Pirkle, H. C., Wilson, A. F. (1977) Behavioral alteration of plasma phenylalanine concentration. Physiology & Behavior, 19, 611-614

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Jevning, R., Anand, R., Beidebach, M., & Fernanco,  G. (1996). Effects on regional cerebral blood flow of Transcendental Meditation. Physiology & Behavior, 59(3), 399-402.

Kabat-Zinn, J., Lipworth, L., Burney, R., Sellers, W.  (1986) Four year follow-up of a meditation-based program for the self-regulation of chronic pain: Treatment outcomes and compliance. Clin. J. Pain 2, 159-173

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Kotchabhakdi, N. J., Pipatveravat S., Kotchabhakdi N., Tapanya P., Pornpathkul S. (1982) Improvement of Intelligence, learning ability and moral  judgment through the practice of the Transcendental Meditation Technique.  Proceedings of the Second Asian Workshop on Child and Adolescent Development, Feburary 15–24, 1982, Bangkok and  Bangsaen, Thailand

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MacLean, C. R. K., Walton, K. G., Wenneberg, S. R., Levitsky, D.  K., Mandari-no, J. P., Waziri, R., Hillis, S. L., Schneider, R. H. (1997) Effects of the Transcendental Meditation Program on adaptive mechanisms: changes in hormone  levels and responses to stress after 4 months of practice. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 22(4), 277-295

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Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (1972) Science of Creative Intelligence, 33 lectures Video-Kurs

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Orme-Johnson, D. (1987): Medical care utilization and the transcendental meditation program. Psychos. Med. 49, 493-507

Orme-Johnson, D. (1988) The Cosmic  Psyche: An introduction to Maharishi’s Vedic Psychology - The Fulfillment of Modern Psychology. Modern Science and Vedic Science, 2(2), 113-163

Orme-Johnson, D., Alexander, C. N., Davies,  J. L., Chandler, H. M., Wallace, E. L. (1988) International peace project in the Middle East:  The effects of the Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field. Journal of Conflict Resolution 32: 776 – 812

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Orme-Johnson, D. W., & Herron, R. E. (1997). An innovative approach to reducing medical care utilization and expenditures. American Journal of Managed Care, 3(1), 135-144.

Orme-Johnson, D., Walton, K. G. (1998) All approaches to preventing or reversing effects of stress are not the same. American Journal of Health Promotion 12(5), 297–299

Orme-Johnson, D. W. (2003). Preventing crime though the Maharishi Effect. Journal of Offender Rehabilitaton, 36(1/2/3/4), 257-281.

Orme-Johnson, D. W. (2003). Preventing crime through the Maharishi Effect. In C. N. Alexander, K. G. Walton, D. W. Orme-Johnson, & R. Goodman (Eds.), Impact of Transcendental Meditation in Offender Rehabilitation and Crime Prevention New York: Haworth Press.

 Orme-Johnson, D. W. (2003). Section introduction: Collective consciousness and peace studies. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.

 Orme-Johnson, D. W. (2003). Section introduction: Public policy. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.

Orme-Johnson, D. W., Alexander, C. N., & Hawkins, M. A. (2003).  Critique of the National Research Council’s report on meditation. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.

Orme-Johnson, D. W., Dillbeck, M. C., Alexander, C. N., Chandler, H. M.,  & Cranson, R. W. (2003). Preventing terrorism and international conflicts: Effects of large assemblies of participants in the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 36(1/2/3/4), 283-302.

Orme-Johnson, D. W. & Moore, R. M. (2003). First prison study on the Transcendental Meditation program: La Tuna Federal  Penitentiary. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 36(1/2/3/4), 89-96.

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Orme-Johnson, D. W., Barnes, V. A. (2013) Effects of the Transcendental Meditation Technique on Trait Anxiety:A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. THE JOURNAL OF ALTERNATIVE AND COMPLEMENTARY MEDICINE Volume 19, Number 0, 2013, pp. 1–12

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Neuerscheinung: Fehr, Theo: Yoga - Meditation - Samadhi - Therapie aus Sicht des Advaita-Vedanta. Die Philosophie des Nondualismus und psychosoziale Wirkungen ihrer Anwendung. Peter Lang Europäischer Verlag der Wissenschaften, broschiert, 271 Seiten, Euro 45,50

    Informiert über die neuesten wissenschaftlichen Ergebnisse zum Samadhi-Zustand, über die Philosophie des Nondualismus - Advaita Vedanta,  über höhere Bewusstseinszustände; Übersicht  über die Forschungsergebnisse zur Meditation der letzten dreißig Jahre: Medizin, Gesundheit, Hormone, Gehirn, Psychologie, Soziologie; Meditationseffekte im Rahmen therapeutischer und psychologischer  Techniken, Vergleiche mit anderen Meditationsformen und Entspannungstechniken.

Gottwald/Howald: Selbsthilfe durch Meditation, mvg Pb., 256 S.

    populärwissenschaftliches Buch über Meditation, leicht verständlicher Überblick über den gesamten Bereich der Wirkungen.

Nancy Cooke de Herrera: Die Weisen, Aquamarin Vlg., 500 S.

    persönliche Erlebnisgeschichte einer TM-Lehrerin mit der Transzendentalen Meditation über mehr als ein Jahrzehnt, mit den Beatles, Greta Garbo, Maharishi und weiteren bekannten Heiligen und  Gurus. Ein wenig amerikanisch, aber recht unterhaltsam zu lesen.

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi: Die Wissenschaft vom Sein und die Kunst des Lebens

    Maharishis verständliche Darstellung der philosophischen Hintergründe der Meditation und ihrer Wirkungen in den verschiedenen Feldern des Lebens

Paramahansa Yogananda: Autobiographie eines Yogi, 658 S., Kartoniert, Shanti-Books, SRF

auch: gebunden, Barth-Vlg.

    Authentische Lebensbeschreibung eines indischen Yogi: Pflichtlektüre ! Leicht lesbar, spannend!

H.H. Bloomfield, R.B. Kory: Das Glückspotential. B. Kleine Vlg., 340 S.,

    Populärwissenschaftliches Buch über Psychotherapie und Transzendentale Meditation, Darstellung des Wachstumszyklus, des Stress-Zyklus, die Psychophysiologie des Glücks u.a.;  empfehlenswert !

B. Müller-Elmau: Kräfte aus der Stille, ECON-Ratgeber, 187 S.

    B. Müller Elmau kommt von „der Elmau“ – Schloß Elmau am Wetterstein, schrieb als TM-Lehrer dies Buch; er betrachtet die Meditation hier aus christlicher Perspektive. Eine sprituelle  Inspiration aus christlicher Tradition.

B. Müller-Elmau: Heilung durch das Selbst. Bonz Vlg., 141 S.,

    Ein Buch über Heilung, Ganzwerdung und Gesundheit aus spiritueller und christlicher Sicht.

Aron, E. und A.: Der Maharishi Effekt. Heyne 08/9591


 Maharishi Mahesh Yogi: On the Bhagavad-Gita, A New Translation And Commentary        Chapters 1 – 6

    Maharishis Kommentar über die ersten 6 Kapitel der Gita, in englischer Sprache (empfehlenswert); Darlegung der Philosophie des Advaita Vedanta anhand der Erzählungen der Gita.

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi: Bhagavad Gita, übersetzt und neu kommentiert, Kapitel 1 – 6, Vlg. International SRM Publications

    Maharishis Kommentar über die ersten 6 Kapitel der Gita, in deutscher Sprache

Bede Griffiths: Die Hochzeit von Ost und West. Hoffnung für die Menschheit. 217 S.,

    Der Autor war Benediktiner in England, der 1955 nach Indien ging und dort in einem Ashram lebte, in dem Menschen verschiedener religiöser Bekenntnisse zusammenwachsen. Griffiths plädiert  für eine Synthese östlichen und westlichen Denkens und zeigt Parallelen zwischen vedischer, jüdischer und christlicher Offenbarung auf.

Spezielle Literatur für Fortgeschrittene:

A. M. Sastry: The Bhagavad Gita with the commentary of Sri Sankaracharya. Samata Books Madras. 534 S.

    Adi Sankaras earliest extant commentary on the Bhagavad Gita. This book contains the original Sanskrit text of the Gita in Devanagri followed by its translation as also the the  translation of Sankara’s Gita Bhasya in English by Alladi Mahadeva Sastri.

Bhagavadgita. Der vollständige Text mit dem Kommentar Shankaras. Knaur Esoterik. 415 S.

Trevor Leggett: Sankara on the Yoga Sutras. Motilal Banarsidass.

    The first complete english translation of a highly significant historical find, an unknown early Sanskrit subcommentary purporting to be by Sankara, on the Yoga Sutras of Patañjali, a  genuine work of India’s greatest religious and philosophical genius and architect of the non-dual Vedanta school.

Sankara: Die Erkenntnis der Wahrheit. Eines der großen Weisheitsbücher der Menschheit. Econ, 205 S.

    Das „Kleinod der Unterscheidung“ („Vivekachudamani“) gehört zu den heiligen Schriften der Inder und zu den großen Weisheitsbüchern der Menschheit. Inhalt außerdem: Die Philosophie des  Nicht-Dualismus, Die Erkenntnis der Wahrheit (Tattwa-bodha).

Alston, A. J. (2004) A Shankara Sourcebook in six volumes. London, Shanti Sadan

Angôt, M. (2002) L’Inde classique. Paris, Société d’édition Les Belles Lettres

Aranya, Swami Hariharananda (1977) Yoga Philosophy of Patanjali, rendered into English by P. N. Mukerji, Calcutta, University of Calcutta

Bettina Bäumer: Upanishaden – Befreiung zum Sein. W. Heyne Vlg. München. 238 S.

    Innere Weite und Freiheit aus den indischen Weisheitslehren. Die Upanishaden gehören mit zu den ältesten geistigen Werken der Veden. Ein schönes, preiswertes Bändchen. über die  Advaita-Philosophie.

E. Wolz-Gottwald: Meister Eckhard und die Upanishaden. Königshausen und Neumann, 230 S.

    Eine sauber ausgearbeitete wissenschaftliche philosophische Abhandlung.

Christian Brehmer: Die Evolution des Bewußtseins und die Erforschung ihres zukünftigen Verlaufes im Rahmen eines erweiterten Wissenschaftsverständnisses. Peter Lang Vlg.

    C. Brehmer ist Lehrer der Transzendentalen Meditation und belegt in dieser Promotionsarbeit die These, dass die gegenwärtige globale Krise vor allem eine Krise des Bewußtseins ist, die nur  durch eine evolutionäre Erweiterung des Bewußtseins gelöst werden kann. Anspruchsvoll und hochinteressant!

Prof. Dr. Dr. Klaus Engel: Meditation – Geschichte, Systematik, Forschung, Theorie. Peter Lang Vlg., 2. stark erweiterte Auflage 1999, 479 S.

    Ein ausführliches wissenschaftliches Werk mit hervorragenden sachlichen Darstellungen der wichtigsten Meditationsrichtungen. Wer dies Buch gelesen hat, ist wissenschaftlich auf dem  absolut neuesten Stand !! Läßt sich allerdings nicht wie ein Roman lesen...

Swami Vivekananda: Raja Yoga, Hermann Bauer Vlg., 286 S.

    Über den Yoga-Pfad, Atemkontrolle (Pranayama), Konzentration und Meditation sowie die Yoga-Aphorismen des Patanjali. Wer die Grundlagen des Yoga studieren möchte, ist hier richtig.

Swami Vivekananda: Karma-Yoga und Bhakti-Yoga, Bauer Vlg., 261 S.

    Handeln in Nicht-Anhaftung und der Pfad der Liebe sind hier die Themen.

Swami Vivekananda: Jnana-Yoga I und II. Bauer Vlg. Bd. I 262 S., Bd. II  253 S.

    Advaita Vedanta, Atman, Brahman, das Absolute, die EINHEIT, die Freiheit der Seele sind hier die Themen.

Moderne Erwachte und Erleuchtete über Erwachen und Erleuchtung

I AM THAT; Talks with Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj, translated by M. Frydman, ed. by S. Dikshit, Chetana  Ltd. Bombay

Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj: Ich Bin. Gespräche mit Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj. Hrsg. M. Frydman, Peters & Kamphausen Vlg.

Raphael: Jenseits des Zweifels, Lüchow Vlg.

Raphael: Yoga - Initiationswege zum Transzendenten.Kamphausen Vlg.




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